Visitors can use cutting-edge displays to decide for themselves
One of the biggest and most in-depth exhibitions asking whether alien life-forms exist is opening in London.
Visitors to the Science Museum in west London will be able to interact with scientifically based creatures as part of The Science of Aliens exhibit.
The work of top scientists, who used the latest discoveries and scientific principles to imagine alien worlds and creatures, will also be on display.
It opens on Saturday for four months until it goes on an international tour.
Children and adults alike can explore cutting-edge hands-on displays, chat with ET in the Communication Zone, or even text an alien from Earth.
Story source news.bbc.co.uk.
DOES ALIEN LIFE exist? This is one of the most fascinating questions in the whole of science. Im hopeful that well learn the answer by the end of this century.
In earlier centuries, many believed that the Moon and Mars were inhabited. The science fiction of Jules Verne and H. G. Wells popularised the idea of alien life. Were less optimistic about Mars than our forebears were 100 years ago. There is certainly nothing there like the Martians of popular fiction.
An armada of space probes is being launched towards the Red Planet to analyse its surface, to fly over it and (in later missions) to return samples to Earth. Life could also exist in the ice-covered oceans of Jupiters frozen moon, Europa, and there are plans to land a submersible probe that could explore beneath the ice. Detection of even the most primitive life would be a great discovery it would offer clues to the mystery of how life began.
Not even the optimists expect to find advanced life elsewhere in our solar system. But our Sun is just one star among billions. And in the vastness of space far beyond our own solar system we can rule out nothing. Other stars have their own retinue of planets circling around them, just as Earth and Mars circle the Sun. Could some of these planets, orbiting other stars, harbour life forms far more interesting and exotic than anything we might find on Mars? Could they even be inhabited by intelligent beings?
Claims that advanced life is widespread must confront the question first posed by Enrico Fermi, the great Italian physicist: if intelligent aliens were common, shouldnt they have visited us already? Why arent they, or their artefacts, staring us in the face? Shouldnt we have seen so many UFOs that theres absolutely no doubt about them? This argument gains weight when we realise that some stars are billions of years older than our Sun: if life were common, its emergence should have had a head start on planets around these ancient stars.
But the fact that we havent been visited doesnt imply that aliens dont exist. It would be far harder to traverse the mind-boggling distances of interstellar space than to transmit a signal. Thats perhaps how aliens would reveal themselves first.
Searches for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) have concentrated on listening for radio transmissions that could be artificial in origin, using large radio telescopes this option is familiar from fictional depictions, such as Carl Sagans Contact. Short stretches of data from the SETI searches have been downloaded by millions of people to use as screensavers on their home PCs each hoping to be the first to detect ET.
If we found such a signal, could we build up communication? Intelligent aliens would probably be hundreds of light years away, or more. Can we communicate with beings whose messages may take hundreds, thousands, even millions of years to reach us? Theres no scope for snappy repartee.
I wouldnt hold my breath for success. But even if these searches fail, that doesnt mean that we are alone. The brains and senses of the aliens may be so different from ours that we couldnt recognise any patterns in their signals. Or they may not be transmitting at all. The only type of intelligence we could detect would be one that led to a technology that we could recognise, and that could be a minor and atypical fraction. Some brains may have a quite different perception of reality. Super-intelligent dolphins could be enjoying a contemplative life on some water-covered planet without us even knowing. Still other brains could actually be assemblages of social insects. If evolution on another planet in any way resembled the artificial intelligence scenarios conjectured for the 21st century here on Earth, the most likely and durable form of advanced life may be super-intelligent machines whose creators may long ago have been usurped or become extinct. There may be a lot more out there than we could ever detect, or even imagine. Absence of evidence wouldnt be evidence of absence.
Sir Martin Rees is the Astronomer Royal. The Science of Aliens exhibition opens October 15, 2005 at the Science Museum.
Story continues at timesonline.co.uk.